Salmonella is a bacterium that causes the disease with the same name. Prior to talk to you about symptoms and spend some tips to avoid it, you should know some of its features. This bacterium is a gram-negative, anaerobic, that is not a capsule or spore. Its natural habitat are the intestines of any kind of animal homeotermo, including human beings. It is also in the Lee of all these animals.
1-Contagion and symptoms:The contagion can take place for direct contact, for contamination crossed during the food manipulation and for sexual route. The crossed contamination is generated when there is manipulated food cooked or washed with contaminated raw food. There crosses the contamination of the product that is still preparing (crude oil) with which soon it will be consumed.
The most common form of infection is through contaminated food of animal origin. They can be chicken, eggs, beef or milk. These foods must be handled responsibly and try to always cook them before eating. Pay special attention to crude derivatives: mayonnaise, cheeses, ice creams, and creams.
Alert with pets, because they may be contaminated and in daily contact can get. The more likely to have are reptiles (e.g. tortoises) and birds.
The first symptoms appear between 12 to 72 hours of infection. They are well-specific: diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, intestinal pain, headache and chills. The normal duration of these symptoms is four to seven days. Usually, passed the disease without going to the doctor, because it seems a gastroenterocolitis. However, if you continue with these symptoms last seven days it is advisable to go to the medical doctor who treats you.
2-Tips to avoid salmonella:
1. Keep a constant hygiene:You have to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with warm water and soap after handling food, changing a diaper or touch a pet. You have to scrub the kitchen utensils, tables and the tables after preparing each food item and before preparing the next. It is possible if you start to use paper towels or disposable to clean the table. If you prefer not to spend so much for taking care of the environment, the lava that you use regularly in the washing machine (washing machine) in a program with hot water.
2. Contamines Not all:Separates the poultry, fish, and raw meat to other foods in the grocery cart as in the fridge. If you can, buy tables for chopping of different colors and used one for vegetables and raw fruits, another for the meat and one for cooked food. Take special care when handling raw foods and cooked or ready to consume them. Lava everything you use to move from one to another.
3. Cooking the meat well and don't eat sauces with raw eggs:When cooking you must make sure that the meats are cooked thoroughly. No matter what type of meat: lamb, pork, poultry or fish vaccine. All types of cooking are valid (you can keep eating fish ceviche calmly) because some are heat, others by the effect of acids, steam... The important thing is to reach high temperatures. Likewise, if you can, avoid the microwave, because does not reach the same temperature. The average minimum internal temperature is 63 ° c.
Reheat all the sauces that you buy, and if you're going to eat something you cooked at noon to night, reheat it very well. It's not to consume raw egg sauces, because if there was some small mistake in their preparation, you can get.
4. Saves everything in the refrigerator as soon as possible:Keep your fridge free of all bacteria. Washing the bottles you post and plastic containers of milk (never know in what State were the hands that touched them). You must keep this tidy space. Food prepared or processed on the one hand and other raw foods. Refrigerate foods processed before passes two hours (one hour if the temperature is higher than 32 ° C).
Take special care when you thaw foods to process them. Do it in the microwave, in cold water or in the refrigerator, but never at room temperature. And if you're going to marinate some meat, leave it refrigerated.
Try these easy and useful homemade tips.your comments will highly appreciated.